Monterey Park, California
Pride in the Past, Faith in the Future
|Incorporated||May 29, 1916|
|• Mayor||Jose Sanchez|
|• Mayor Pro Tem||Thomas Wong|
|• City council||Henry Lo |
Vinh T. Ngo
|• City Manager||Inez Alvarez (Interim)|
|• Assistant City Manager||Diana Garcia (Interim)|
|• Total||7.73 sq mi (20.03 km2)|
|• Land||7.67 sq mi (19.87 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2) 0.79%|
|Elevation||384 ft (117 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||7,776.49/sq mi (3,002.41/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|Area code||323, 626|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652753, 2411146|
Monterey Park is a city in the western San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County, California, United States, approximately seven miles (11 km) east of the Downtown Los Angeles civic center. It is bordered by Alhambra, East Los Angeles, Montebello and Rosemead. The city's motto is "Pride in the past, Faith in the future".
Monterey Park is part of a cluster of cities (Alhambra, Arcadia, Temple City, Rosemead, San Marino, and San Gabriel in the west San Gabriel Valley) with a growing Asian American population. According to the 2010 Census, the city had a total population of 60,269. Monterey Park has consistently ranked as one of the country's best places to live due to its good schools, growing economy, and central location.
For at least seven thousand years the land was populated by the Tongva (Gabrielino) Native Americans. The Tongva lived in dome like structures with thatched exteriors, with an open smoke hole for ventilation and light at the top. Both sexes wore long hair styles and tattooed their bodies. During warm weather the men wore few clothes, and the women wore minimal skirts made of animal hides. During the cold weather they would wear animal skin capes and occasionally wore sandals made from hide or yucca fiber. With the arrival of the Spaniards, Old World diseases killed off many of the Tongva, and by 1870 very few Native-Americans had survived. In the early 19th century the area was part of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel mission system and later the Rancho San Antonio.
Following the Civil War, an Italian, Alessandro Repetto, purchased 5,000 acres (20 km2) of the rancho and built his ranch house on the hill overlooking his land, about a half-mile north of where Garfield Avenue crosses the Pomona Freeway, not far from where the Edison substation is now located on Garfield Avenue.
It was at this time, Richard Garvey, a mail rider for the U.S. Army whose route took him through Monterey Pass, a trail that is now Garvey Avenue, settled down in the King's Hills. Garvey began developing the land by bringing in spring water from near the Hondo River and by constructing a 54-foot-high (16 m) dam to form Garvey Lake located where Garvey Ranch Park is now. To pay for his development and past debts, Garvey began selling portions of his property. In 1906, the first subdivision in the area, Ramona Acres (named after the developer's daughter, who would also later inspire the title of the novel Ramona), was developed north of Garvey and east of Garfield Avenues.
In 1916, the new residents of the area initiated action to become a city when the cities of Pasadena, South Pasadena, and Alhambra proposed to put a large sewage treatment facility in the area. The community voted itself into cityhood on May 29, 1916, by a vote of 455 to 33. The City's new board of directors immediately outlawed sewage plants within city boundaries and named the new city Monterey Park. The name was taken from an old government map showing the oak-covered hills of the area as Monterey Hills. In 1920, a large area on the south edge of the city broke away and the separate city of Montebello was established.
By 1920, the white and Spanish-surname settlers were joined by Asian residents who began farming potatoes and flowers and developing nurseries in the Monterey Highlands area. They improved the Monterey Pass Trail with a road to aid in shipping their produce to Los Angeles. The nameless pass, which had been used as a location for western movies, was called Coyote Pass by Pioneer Masami Abe.
In 1926, near the corner of Atlantic Boulevard and Garvey Avenue, Laura Scudder invented the first sealed bag of potato chips. In an effort to maintain quality and freshness, Laura's team would iron sheets of wax paper together to form a bag. They would fill these bags with potato chips; iron the top closed, and then deliver them to various retailers.
Real estate became a thriving industry during the late 1920s with investors attracted to the many subdivisions under development and increasing commercial opportunities. The Midwick View Estates by Peter N. Snyder, a proposed garden community that was designed to rival Bel Air and Beverly Hills. Known as the "Father of the East Side", Mr. Snyder was a key player in the vast undertaking in the 1920s of developing the East Side as part of the industrial base of Los Angeles. His efforts to build Atlantic Boulevard, his work with the East Side organization to bring industry to the East Side, and his residential and commercial development projects along Atlantic Boulevard (Gardens Square, Golden Gate Square, and the Midwick View Estates) were a major influence to the surrounding communities. The focal point of the Midwick View Estates was "Jardin del Encanto", otherwise known as "El Encanto," a Spanish style building that was to serve as the administration building and community center for Midwick View Estates. The development also included an observation terrace above Jardin del Encanto and the fountain with cascading water going down the hillside in stepped pools to De La Fuente. Now known as Heritage Falls Park or "the Cascades." The Great Depression brought an abrupt end to the real estate boom, as well as the Midwick proposal. From the late 1920s, the City had little development for nearly two decades.
The end of World War II resulted in a revived growth trend with explosive population gains during the late 1940s and 1950s. Until this time, the population was concentrated in the northern and southern portions of the city, with the Garvey and Monterey Hills forming a natural barrier. With the renewed growth, many new subdivisions were developed, utilizing even the previously undeveloped central area to allow for maximum growth potential. A series of annexations of surrounding land also occurred. Many veterans settled in Monterey Park and continued through the 1950s. Around this time, Japanese Americans from the West Side, Chinese Americans from Chinatown, and Latinos from East Los Angeles also began settling in the area and largely assimilated into the small-town suburban culture.
Beginning in the 1970s, middle-class ethnic Asian Americans and Asian immigrants began settling in the west San Gabriel Valley, primarily to Monterey Park. The City Council of Monterey Park subsequently tried and failed to pass English-only ordinances. In 1985 the Council approved drafting of a proposal that would require all businesses in Monterey Park to display English language identification on business signs.
In the 1980s, Monterey Park was referred to as "Little Taipei" or "The Chinese Beverly Hills". Frederic Hsieh, a local realtor who bought land in Monterey Park and sold it to newly arrived immigrants, is credited with engendering Monterey Park's Chinese American community. Many businesses from the Chinatown in downtown LA began to open up stores in Monterey Park. In the 1970s and 1980s, many affluent waisheng ren Taiwanese immigrants moved abroad from Taiwan and began settling into Monterey Park. Mandarin Chinese became the most widely spoken language in many Chinese businesses of the city during that time, displacing Cantonese that had been common previously. Cantonese has dominated the Chinatowns of North America for decades, but Mandarin is the most common language of Chinese immigrants in the past few decades. In 1983, Lily Lee Chen became the first Chinese American woman to be elected mayor of a U.S. city. By the late 1980s, immigrants from mainland China and Vietnam began moving into Monterey Park. By the 1990 census, Monterey Park became the first city with an Asian descent majority population in the continental United States. Timothy P. Fong, a professor and director of Asian American studies at California State University, Sacramento, describes Monterey Park as the "First Suburban Chinatown".
In the 1980s, the second generation Chinese Americans generally moved out of the old Chinatown and into the San Gabriel Valley suburbs, joining the new immigrants from Taiwan and mainland China. From that time, with a combined influx of Vietnamese, Taiwanese and Hong Kong immigrant students at the time, Mark Keppel High School, constructed during the New Deal era and located in Alhambra, but also serving most of Monterey Park and portions of Rosemead, felt the impact of this new immigration as the student population increased dramatically, leading to overcrowding. Today, many students are second or third-generation Asian Americans.
In 1988, the City of Monterey Park passed an ordinance declaring a moratorium on new building, in an attempt to regulate the rapid growth the city experienced as a result of the influx of Asian immigrants. This moratorium was challenged and defeated in 1989. This controversial move caused many Asian residents and businesses to shift focus, establishing themselves in the neighboring city of Alhambra. When the potential loss of business revenue was recognized, "Monterey Park went through a lot of upheaval that a lot of people regret," and relocation back to Monterey Park was highly encouraged in the Asian American community.
Since the early 1990s, Taiwanese people are no longer the majority in the city. The construction boom of shopping centers had declined, but plans for redevelopment sought to change that. High property values and overcrowding in Monterey Park have contributed to a secondary migration away from Monterey Park.
Redevelopment produced several projects included the massive Atlantic Times Square development that opened in 2010 with ground-floor shops and restaurants. The Atlantic Times Square, which has 215,000 square feet (20,000 m2), is anchored by an AMC Theatres|AMC Theatre and a 24 Hour Fitness, in addition to eating establishments and other stores. The development includes 210 condos on the third through sixth floors.
Monterey Park Village is a 40,000 sq. ft. shopping center on South Atlantic Boulevard commercial corridor. Tenants include: Staples, Walgreens and Togo’s eatery. The CVS Center on South Garfield Avenue is a redevelopment of infill site into a 17,000 square feet (1,600 m2) neighborhood convenience center. Anchor tenant CVS Pharmacy brings a full-service drug store back to the downtown project, and the center includes a Subway sandwich shop. The 507,000-square-foot (47,100 m2) Monterey Park Marketplace is the largest shopping center in the city. Located along the Pomona (60) Freeway west of Paramount Boulevard, this center is a 45-acre regional shopping center for the San Gabriel Valley.
In 2017, Monterey Park was recognized as "America's Best Places to Live 2017" ranked at #3 by Money magazine and three local news TV stations. It also ranked at #2 in Money Magazine's "The 10 Best Places in America to Raise a Family".
On January 21, 2023, a mass shooting occurred at a dance studio in the city, after a Chinese New Year celebration where twenty people were shot, killing eleven of them, and injuring nine others. The gunman, identified as 72-year-old Huu Can Tran, fled and was found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Torrance the next day.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.7 square miles (20 km2), of which, 7.6 square miles (20 km2) is land, and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.39%) is water.
The city boundaries include unincorporated East Los Angeles to the west and southwest, Alhambra to the north, Rosemead to the northeast, Montebello to the south, and unincorporated South San Gabriel to the southeast.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Monterey Park had a population of 60,269. The population density was 7,793.7 inhabitants per square mile (3,009.2/km2). The racial makeup of Monterey Park was 40,301 (66.9%) Asian (47.7% Chinese, 5.8% Japanese, 4.4% Vietnamese, 1.9% Filipino, 1.3% Korean, 0.9% Thai, 0.8% Cambodian, 0.4% Burmese, 0.4% Indonesian, 0.3% Indian), 28 (0.05%) Pacific Islander, 11,680 (19.4%) White (5.0% Non-Hispanic White), 252 (0.4%) African American, 242 (0.4%) Native American, 6,022 (10.0%) from other races, and 1,744 (2.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16,218 persons (26.9%).
The Census reported that 60,039 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 41 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 189 (0.3%) were institutionalized.
There were 19,963 households, out of which 6,315 (31.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,538 (52.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,243 (16.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,460 (7.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 651 (3.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 85 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,641 households (18.2%) were made up of individuals, and 2,025 (10.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01. There were 15,241 families (76.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.37.
The population was spread out, with 10,932 people (18.1%) under the age of 18, 5,180 people (8.6%) aged 18 to 24, 15,597 people (25.9%) aged 25 to 44, 16,904 people (28.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,656 people (19.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
There were 20,850 housing units at an average density of 2,696.2 per square mile (1,041.0/km2), of which 11,058 (55.4%) were owner-occupied, and 8,905 (44.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 33,073 people (54.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 26,966 people (44.7%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Monterey Park had a median household income of $56,014, with 15.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
According to the 2009 American Community Survey, Monterey Park is 43.7% Chinese American, and is the city in the United States with the largest concentration of people of Chinese descent. The Chinese American population in Monterey Park and San Gabriel Valley is relatively diverse in socio-economics and region of origin. The city has attracted immigrants from Taiwan, as well as mainland Chinese and the overseas Chinese from Southeast Asia. There are also significant Japanese, Vietnamese and Filipino communities living within Monterey Park.
While the multi-generational American-born Latino population was generally declining in Monterey Park, there has been a small new influx of Mexican immigrants (about one percent increase in the population).
There were 19,564 households, out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.43.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,724, and the median income for a family was $43,507. Males had a median income of $32,463 versus $29,057 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,661. About 12.4% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
The Chinese-dominated business district, near the intersection of Garfield Avenue and Garvey Avenue, is called "Downtown Monterey Park". In the mid-1980s, Lincoln Plaza Hotel was built to predominantly service tourists from Taiwan and Hong Kong. Monterey Park has many choices of Hong Kong fusion cafes, there are several Cantonese seafood restaurants, as well as restaurants offering mainland Chinese fare. A variety of cuisine can be found throughout the city.
According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||East Los Angeles College||1,969|
|2||Garfield Medical Center||970|
|3||Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department||791|
|4||Superior Court of Los Angeles County - Edmund D. Edelman Children's Court||736|
|5||City of Monterey Park||440|
|6||Monterey Park Hospital||362|
|7||Care1st Health Plan||315|
|8||Southern California Gas Company||279|
|13||California Highway Patrol||131|
|15||Southern California Edison||125|
|16||Camino Real Chevrolet||121|
Arts and culture
Monterey Park is home to the Garvey Ranch Observatory, located in Garvey Ranch Park, which is operated by the Los Angeles Astronomical Society (LAAS). It adjoins a historical museum, a classroom, and a workshop. The observatory houses an 8-inch (200 mm) refractor, a telescope making workshop, and a library containing over 1000 books. The grounds are open to the public for free astronomical observation on Wednesday evenings from 7:30PM – 10:00PM, hosted by LAAS members.
Built in 1929, Jardin El Encanto, otherwise known as "El Encanto", is a Spanish-style building located at 700 El Mercado. The building, originally the sales office for Midwick Estates, was once a USO center and speakeasy.
The city of Monterey Park has its own police and fire departments serving the city.
Monterey Park City Municipal Elections were held every two years in odd numbered years, on the first Tuesday in March until the 2017 election. Effective with the 2020 California Primary election, City Council elections will be held on even-numbered years on a Tuesday after the first Monday in March. Five Council Members serve four year terms with overlapping terms in bi-annual elections: the three seats elected in one election and two seats in the next election, at which time the City Clerk and City Treasurer are also elected.
The current elected officials are:
- Jose Sanchez, Mayor
- Thomas Wong, Mayor Pro Tem
- Vinh T. Ngo, Council Member
- Yvonne Yiu, Council Member
- Henry Lo, Council Member
- Maychelle Yee, City Clerk
- Amy Lee, City Treasurer
List of mayors
This is a list of Monterey Park mayors by year.
Centennial Monument in front of City Hall lists all Mayors from 1916 - 2016
- 1937 F.C. Owen 
- 1938 I.J. Williams 
- 1940 James T. Bradshaw 
- 1954-1955 Philip E. Marria 
- 1956-1959 1961-1962 Rod Irvine
- 1956-1958 George Brown Jr.
- October 1957 Leila Donegan - First woman mayor.
- 1960 Gordon B. Severance 
- 1960-1961 Leila Donegan - First woman mayor.
- 1974-1975 Matthew G. Martinez 
- 1977-1978 George Ige 
- 1980 Matthew G. Martinez 
- November 1983 – 1984 Lily Lee Chen - First female Chinese-American mayor in the United States.
- December 1987 – 1988 Christopher F. Houseman 
- 1988-1989 Barry Hatch
- 1989 Judy Chu
- February 1991 Betty Couch 
- September 1992 Fred Balderrama 
- 1995 Rita Valenzuela 
- 2000-2001 Frank Venti 
- 2001 Francisco M. Alonso 
- 2002 Fred Balderrama 
- 2003-2004 Sharon Martinez
- August 2004-January 2005 Mike Eng
- 2005-2006 Frank Venti 
- March 2006 Betty Tom Chu
- 2008-2009 Frank Venti 
- February 2010 Anthony Wong 
- June 2012 Mitchell Ing 
- 2013 Anthony Wong 
- January 2014 Anthony Wong
- 2014-2015 Hans Liang
- August 2015- May 2016 Peter Chan 
- May 2016 - April 2017 Mitchell Ing 
- April 2017 to December 2017 Teresa Real Sebastian 
- December 2017-October 2018 Stephen Lam 
- October 2018 Peter Chan.
- July 2019- Aug 2020 Hans Liang 
- Aug 2020 - Dec 2020 Peter Chan 
- Dec 2020 - Dec 2021 Yvonne Yiu 
- Dec 2021 - Jan 2023 Henry Lo
The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department had its central headquarters in Monterey Park. The Edmund D. Edelman Children's Court, Sybil Brand Institute, Central Juvenile District, (Dependency) is located in Monterey Park. The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Monrovia Health Center in Monrovia, serving Monterey Park.
State and federal representation
In the United States House of Representatives, Monterey Park is in California's 28th congressional district, represented by Democrat Judy Chu. Chu previously served as mayor and city council member of Monterey Park.
Colleges and universities
Primary and secondary schools
Alhambra Unified School District
- Brightwood School
- Monterey Highlands School
- Repetto School
- Ynez School
Garvey School District
Two elementary schools, Hillcrest and Monterey Vista (both in Monterey Park), serve this part of the city. Monterey Vista is a Blue Ribbon School.
Garvey Intermediate School (Rosemead) also serves this portion.
Los Angeles Unified School District
Robert Hill Lane Elementary School (Monterey Park), Griffith Middle School (Unincorporated Los Angeles County), and Garfield High School (Unincorporated Los Angeles County) serve the LAUSD part of the city.
Montebello Unified School District
Saint Stephen Martyr School: opened in 1926 to provide the families of Monterey Park with an opportunity for their children to receive a Catholic School education. K–Grade 8  The school closed in 2023.
Meher Montessori School: preschool, lower and upper elementary classes
St Thomas Aquinas School: A Catholic parish school, serving economically and ethnically diverse students in grades Kindergarten through eighth. Founded in 1963, the Church is in the center of the school both physically and spiritually. The school is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and the Western Catholic Educational Association.
New Avenue School PreKindergarten—Kindergarten through 8th grade. New Avenue school was founded in 1961. 
Alpha-Shen Preschool and Kindergarten
Esther's Nest Children's School Pre-Kindergarten—Kindergarten
Graceland Christian Day Care Center Pre-Kindergarten—Kindergarten
Monterey Park Christian School Pre-Kindergarten—Kindergarten
The Monterey Park Bruggemeyer Library serves Monterey Park.
Public transportation is provided by the city government, Spirit bus service and Metrolink feeder bus, the Montebello Bus Lines and the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Metro E Line light rail service stops at Atlantic station just south of the city limits. Metro J Line bus rapid transit stops at Cal State LA station, northwest of Monterey Park.
- Betty Tom Chu - former mayor of Monterey Park and first Chinese-American woman lawyer in Southern California.
- Judy Chu, former mayor of Monterey Park, Congresswoman from California's 27th district and former City Councilwoman
- Ernest "Red" Hallen, official photographer of the Panama Canal.
- Dan Haren, starting pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals, Oakland Athletics, Arizona Diamondbacks, Los Angeles Dodgers and Miami Marlins
- William Hung, rejected American Idol contestant, current statistical analyst for the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department
- Vania King, 2010 Wimbledon and U.S. Open tennis doubles champion
- Saladin McCullough, NFL player
- Walter Sarnoi Oupathana, professional boxer
- Esther Salas, the first Hispanic woman to serve as a United States magistrate judge in the District of New Jersey, and the first Hispanic woman to be appointed a U.S. District Court judge in New Jersey.
- Roberta Shore, actress
- Enrique Torres, Mexican-American heavy weight professional wrestler and a major star of televised wrestling during the late 1940s and 1950s.
- Joyce Alene White Vance, U.S. Attorney and law professor
- Michael Woo, Los Angeles City Councilman (1985–1994) and Dean of the Cal Poly Pomona College of Environmental Design
- Wilbur Woo (1915–2012), businessman and leader in the Chinese-American community
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on October 17, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "Term of Office". Monterey Park, CA. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- "City Council". Monterey Park, CA. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- "Monterey Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2023.
- Ng, Franklin (1998). The history and immigration of Asian Americans. New York: Garland Pub. p. 26. ISBN 978-081532690-8.
- "Monterey Park, CA - Official Website - Official Website". www.ci.monterey-park.ca.us.
- Renzulli, Kerri (December 12, 2017). "Monterey Park, California is MONEY's No. 2 The 10 Best Places in America to Raise a Family Now". Money.com. Archived from the original on June 23, 2021.
- "introduction". Lausd.k12.ca.us. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "Housing". Lausd.k12.ca.us. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "clothing". Lausd.k12.ca.us. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "About Montebello". City of Montebello. October 19, 1920. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "City of Monterey Park : History of Monterey Park". Ci.monterey-park.ca.us. Archived from the original on August 11, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- Cecilia, Rasmussen (January 17, 1994). "L.A. Scene / The City Then and Now". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- "Chamber History". Montebellochamber.org. Archived from the original on November 13, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "Laura Scudder's". Laurascudders.com. Archived from the original on January 11, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- CHANG, IRENE (September 12, 1991). "Showing Their Pride in the Past : History: City officials plan to revive Jardin El Encanto and waterfall, which could become a key part of a community hall". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- Shyong, Frank (April 24, 2017). "A proposed statue with a Chinese face sparks resistance and debate in Monterey Park". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- "A Brief History of Monterey Park, California". Krafted by Kelly. Wordpress. August 19, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- Pierson, David (January 23, 2023). "Monterey Park transformed the Chinese American experience". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 24, 2023.
- Horton, John. The Politics of Diversity: Immigration, Resistance, and Change in Monterey Park, California . Temple University Press, 195. p. 80.Chapter 4
- Kirsch, Jonathan (February 7, 2001). "A Chronicle of Triumph, Pain in Chinese American Community". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- Arax, Mark. "Stronger Rules on English in Signs Pushed by Council." Los Angeles Times. December 5, 1985. 1. Retrieved on March 29, 2010.
- HUDSON, BERKLEY (March 31, 1989). "Pride or Prejudice? : Monterey Park Debates Mayor's Plan to Erect Washington Statue". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- Eljera, Bert (May 1996). "The Chinese Beverly Hills". Asian Week. Archived from the original on June 9, 2010.
- Pierson, David (February 28, 2008). "A city tries to find itself". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- Berthelsen, Christian (August 20, 1999). "Frederic Hsieh Is Dead at 54; Made Asian-American Suburb". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
- ARAX, MARK (April 6, 1987). "Monterey Park : Nation's 1st Suburban Chinatown". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- Fong, Timothy P. (1994). The First Suburban Chinatown. Temple University. ISBN 978-1-56639-262-4. Archived from the original on June 16, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- Park, Jeong; Smith, Doug (January 23, 2023). "Lunar New Year shooting: A grim moment in Monterey Park, America's first suburban Chinatown". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 23, 2023.
- Pierson, David (January 3, 2006). "Cantonese Is Losing Its Voice". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 23, 2023.
- Shyong, Frank (February 24, 2015) "Monterey Park nears a demographic milestone, yet race rarely discussed" Los Angeles Times
- HUDSON, BERKLEY (April 2, 1989). "Too Long in the SPOTLIGHT : Monterey Park, Star 'Melting Pot,' Getting Fed Up With the Publicity". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- "San Gabriel Valley Tribune". Archived from the original on March 14, 2012.
- "Mark Keppel High School". Mkhs.org. December 31, 1999. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- Harvard University[dead link]
- "Local News in Brief : Building Bans Imposed". Los Angeles Times. May 12, 1988. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- Berton, Justin (June 5, 2010). "Whites in state 'below the replacement' level". Sfgate.com. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "The First Suburban Chinatown". Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
- Quan, Douglas. "Some in Chino Hills nervous about ethnic shift." The Press-Enterprise. Tuesday February 6, 2007. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "City of Monterey Park : Housing Needs". Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
- Hawthorne, Christopher (May 13, 2012) "Atlantic on the move" Los Angeles Times
- "Atlantic Times Square". Archived from the original on March 2, 2009. Retrieved January 9, 2009.
- "City of Monterey Park : A Tradition of Redevelopment Success". Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "City of Monterey Park : Cascades Market Place". Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Renzulli, Kerri Anne (December 12, 2017). "The 10 Best Places in America to Raise a Family Now". Money.com. Archived from the original on May 27, 2022.
- "10 dead in Monterey Park mass shooting, police say". KABC-TV. January 22, 2023. Retrieved January 22, 2023.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Monterey Park city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "Monterey Park (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 23, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- "Taiwanese Americans : Asian-Nation :: Asian American History, Demographics, & Issues". www.asian-nation.org.
- Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
- Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on February 16, 2020. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
- "Pamphlet" (PDF). www.laalmanac.com.
- "Asian", Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- "City of Monterey Park : Downtown Monterey Park". Archived from the original on November 8, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
- "City of Monterey Park CAFR". Archived from the original on September 29, 2011.
- "Garvey Ranch". Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- Rugh, Jack Leighton (October 6, 1991). "COMMENTARY : Memories of Monterey Park". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
- "Historical Sites | Monterey Park, CA - Official Website". www.montereypark.ca.gov. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
- "City of Monterey Park : City Government". Archived from the original on November 27, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Mayors of Monterey Park, 1937-2001". politicalgraveyard.com. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- "Monterey Park Gets First Woman Mayor". The Los Angeles Times. October 2, 1957. p. 23. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
- Chang, Irene (February 28, 1991). "Monterey Park to Put Its Own Stars on the Map". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 25, 2020.(Required paid subscription)
- "Oral history program: George Ige". californiareveales.org. May 1990. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
- Mathews, Jay (November 29, 1983). "Asian-Americans In Ascendancy". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "How America's first female Chinese-American mayor fought for her community". scpr.org. March 30, 2018. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "How the San Gabriel Valley Became America's "Suburban Chinatown"". laalmanac.com. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- "Monterey Park: Mayor to Be Installed". Los Angeles Times. December 10, 1987. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- "The World According to Hatch : Monterey Park Councilman Gets His Turn at Being Mayor". Los Angeles Times. October 9, 1988. Retrieved June 25, 2020.(Required paid subscription)
- "Mayors - Past Mayors Across the United States". ontheissues.org. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "Monterey Park: New Mayor Takes Office". Los Angeles Times. February 14, 1991. Retrieved June 27, 2020.(Required paid subscription)
- "Monterey Park: Balderrama to Be Sworn In". Los Angeles Times. September 10, 1992. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- Saito, Leland T. (1998). Race and Politics: Asian Americans, Latinos, and Whites in a Los Angeles Suburb. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252067204. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- "Park To Be Named In Honor Of Beth Ryan". thecitizenvoice.net. October 19, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- "Suit Against Mayor Over Bus Contract Dismissed". Los Angeles Times. June 15, 2002. Retrieved July 8, 2020.(Required paid subscription)
- "Judy Chu for Assembly 2002 Endorsements". smartvoter.org. November 5, 2002. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
- "Past Mayors of Monterey Park: Michael Eng". archive.org. November 21, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "Mike Eng's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- "Betty Tom Chu, the only Chinese woman bank head / photo by Paul Chinn". oclc.org. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- "Betty Tom Chu To Be Sworn In As Monterey Park Mayor". March 9, 2006. Archived from the original on November 19, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- "Mayor Anthony Wong". thecitizensvoice.net. March 21, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "New Mayor in Town". thecitizensvoice.net. July 17, 2012. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- "Red Cross Kicks Off 100 Years of Service in Pasadena Friday". pasadenanow.com. November 8, 2013. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
- "WELL UnTapped FELLOWS - Peter Chan". latinosforwater.org. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "Mayoral Installation and City Council Reorganization". montereypark.ca.gov. August 18, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- "Mayoral Installation and City Council Reorganization". montereypark.ca.gov. May 25, 2016. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "Mayoral Installation and City Council Reorganization". montereypark.ca.gov. December 28, 2017. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- Barron, David (2017). "Stephen Lam Gets First Turn as Mayor". sgvjournal.com. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "New Mayor in Monterey Park". thecitizensvoice.net. November 20, 2018. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "Mayoral Installation and City Council Reorganization". cityofmpk.org. July 22, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "The First District". Supervisor Hilda L Solis.
- "Education-Based Discipline Archived November 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. April 29, 2009. Retrieved on March 12, 2010.
- "Court Location General Tab". Lasuperiorcourt.org. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "Monrovia Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
- "California's 28th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "School districts serving Monterey Park Archived July 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." City of Monterey Park. Retrieved on July 3, 2010.
- Eng, Dinah (March 5, 2006). "A community's Chinese connection". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "Zoning Map". City of Monterrey Park. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
- "K-8 Zoning Map" (PDF). Alhambra Unified School District. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
- "High School Zoning Map" (PDF). Alhambra Unified School District. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
- "EdData - School Profile - Bella Vista Elementary". www.ed-data.org.
- "St. Stephen Martyr School". St. Stephen Martyr School.
- "St. Stephen Martyr - School Directory Details (CA Dept of Education)". www.cde.ca.gov. Retrieved November 1, 2023.
- "info". Mehermontessori.org. Archived from the original on August 21, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "Information - St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic School". Stacatholicschool.org. Retrieved August 17, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "New Avenue School". www.elocallink.tv.
- Monterey Park Bruggemeyer Library Retrieved June 13, 2013.
- Archived copy Archived 25 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "Transit Bus". Archived from the original on May 2, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
- "Cascades Newspaper - Monterey Park, CA - Official Website". www.montereypark.ca.gov.
- Transparent California 2011
- "Walter Sarnoi Oupathana". Lao American Sports. Retrieved December 7, 2021.
- Sanabria, Santo. "Local roots". The Union City Reporter. July 24, 2011. pages 1 and 12
- Nelson, Valerie J. (November 15, 2012). "Wilbur K. Woo dies at 96; a leader of L.A.'s Chinese community". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
- Saito, Leland T. Race and Politics: Asian Americans, Latinos, and Whites in a Los Angeles Suburb. University of Illinois Press, 1980. ISBN 0-252-06720-7, ISBN 978-0-252-06720-4.