|Black bamboo in Bambouseraie de Prafrance at Générargues, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, France|
Growing up to 25 m (82 ft) tall by 30 cm (1 ft) broad, it forms clumps of slender arching canes which turn black after two or three seasons. The abundant lance-shaped leaves are 4–13 cm (2–5 in) long.
Numerous forms and cultivars are available for garden use. The species  and the form P. nigra f. henonis have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The form henonis is also known as Henon bamboo and as cultivar 'Henon'.
Like many species of bamboo, black bamboo synchronizes its flowering, with flowering events happening every 40-120 years. According to one source, it has bloomed every 120 years "since records have been kept". It is monocarpic, that is, after flowering, the plants die.
Henon bamboo flowers every 120 years and is predicted to flower in the 2020s. Since it is widely distributed in Japan, dieback of its stands may cause serious social and environmental problems. Moreover, Henon bamboo rarely sets fertile seeds, so it is not clear how this species has survived over long periods in Japan.
It is used for lumber (timber), food, and musical instruments, among other things, in areas of China where it is native and also worldwide.
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- "Phyllostachys nigra". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- Zheng-ping Wang and Chris Stapleton. "Phyllostachys nigra (Loddiges ex Lindley) Munro". Flora of China Online. Vol. 22.
- "RHS Plant Selector - Phyllostachys nigra". Retrieved 6 February 2021.
- "RHS Plant Selector - Phyllostachys nigra f. henonis". Retrieved 6 February 2021.
- "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 78. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Bamboo Species Source List". American Bamboo Society. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- Surley, J.; Styles, B.T. Editors (1976). Tropical Trees. London: Academic Press. pp. 138-139 (article by Daniel Janzen).
|first2=has generic name (help)
- Yamada, Toshihiro; Imada, Karin; Aoyagi, Hitoshi; Nakabayashi, Miyabi (2023-06-12). "Does monocarpic Phyllostachys nigra var. henonis regenerate after flowering in Japan? Insights from 3 years of observation after flowering". PLOS ONE. 18 (6): e0287114. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0287114. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 10259779. PMID 37307263.
- "Flowering for naught: 120 years with nothing to show". ScienceDaily. Retrieved 2023-09-10.
- Isolation and purification of four flavone C-glycosides from antioxidant of bamboo leaves by macroporous resin column chromatography and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography. Yu Zhang, Jingjing Jiao, Chengmei Liu, Xiaoqin Wu and Ying Zhang, Food Chemistry, 1 April 2008,, Volume 107, Issue 3, Pages 1326–1336, doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.09.037
- Media related to Phyllostachys nigra at Wikimedia Commons
- Data related to Phyllostachys nigra at Wikispecies
- "Phyllostachys nigra". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
- John Lindley (1835). "Description of Bambusa nigra". The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. Vol. 3. p. 357.